An attempt to explain the reasons for the us decision to drop the atomic bomb in japan

Those soldiers with extensive combat experience in the Pacific theater and with first-hand knowledge of Japanese resistance also express conflicting thoughts about the bomb.

Reasons for dropping the atomic bomb

The entire population got into the act and worked to make those airplanes or munitions of war But the committee did consider the question of its use against Japan. For as I lay there in that hospital, I had faced the bleak prospect of returning to the Pacific and the war and the law of averages. How much time would elapse before Japan communicated its decision—and how would that time be used? There are no civilians in Japan. The study done for Secretary of War Stimson predicted five to ten million Japanese fatalities. A committee of politicians? It would have been terrible. Many refused to believe it. Somebody once said to me that the bomb was the worst thing that ever happened, that the U. Precedents for bombing civilians began as early as , when Japanese planes bombed Chapei, the Chinese sector of Shanghai. I have no doubts about whether the two atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were necessary. And indeed, subsequent Japanese troop buildups on Kyushu rendered the JWPC estimates totally irrelevent by the time the first atomic bomb was dropped. By mid, an American naval blockade had effectively cut off the home islands from the rest of the world. The first phase, code-named Olympic , was scheduled for late October , with a landing on Kyushu, defended by an estimated , Japanese troops backed by at least 1, kamikaze planes.

Not me alone, but many Japanese, ironically speaking, were saved by the atomic bomb. Every man, woman, and child would have resisted that invasion with sticks and stones if necessary I was shocked by the sight Japanese defenders and civilians fought to the death even women with spears or committed suicide rather than be captured.

In the end, he made the decision to drop the atomic bombs on strategic cities.

reasons why the atomic bomb was unnecessary

Truman opened the meeting, then asked Marshall for his views. Thousands perished along the way. On Saipan in Julythe Japanese again put up fanatical resistance, even though a decisive U.

Why the atomic bomb was necessary

A skilled politician who knew when to compromise, Truman respected decisiveness. During the battle at Iwo Jima in , 6, US soldiers died. Third, there was real concern in Washington that the Japanese had made a determination to fight literally to the death. Japan could legally enter into a peace agreement only with the unanimous support of the Japanese cabinet, and in the summer of , the Japanese Supreme War Council, consisting of representatives of the Army, the Navy, and the civilian government, could not reach a consensus on how to proceed. President Harry S. Therefore, the US created unconditional terms of surrender, knowingly going against the Japanese ethic of honour and against the institute of the emperor, whom most Americans probably wanted dead. There are no civilians in Japan. General Curtis LeMay , the commander of American air forces in the Pacific, estimated that by the end of September he would have destroyed every target in Japan worth hitting. Although the estimates of American casualties in Operation Downfall vary widely, no one doubts that they would have been significant.

Genghis Khan and his hordes could not have been more merciless. The Manhattan Project was the most expensive government project in history at that time.

The two operations combined were codenamed Operation Downfall.

truman atomic bomb speech

The problem of the Soviet Union Although the atomic bomb was never conceived as a tool to be employed in U.

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The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb: Arguments in Support