It covers issues from moral semantics to moral epistemology.
Two issues, though, are prominent: 1 metaphysical issues concerning whether morality exists independently of humans, and 2 psychological issues concerning the underlying mental basis of our moral judgments and conduct. How can I minimize suffering for all involved?
There is no strict legitimatory correlation between the two. For instance, we may imagine a society in which all its members vote against art or certain forms of jobs or certain models of partnership, say, for religious, non-objective reasons.
When we support a thesis such as a position on one of the above ethical issues with a clear and well-structured argument, we allow and invite others to engage with us in more constructive fashion.
Similarly, some social policies forbid residents in certain neighborhoods from having yard sales. To be sure, the virtuous person may be able to achieve a greater integration of his or her ends via practical reasoning because of the way the various virtues coherebut this is a difference in the result of practical reasoning and not in its structure.
We may take it for granted that it is in accordance with the general will of most people that, under certain circumstances, their hypothetical will is taken into consideration. Interest in virtue theory continued through the middle ages and declined in the 19th century with the rise of alternative moral theories below.
As Sunstein notes Sunsteinchap.