Germany s role in wwi essay example

world war 1

The main reason for the delay was the fact that practically the entire Austrian army was tied down at home in harvest work, providing a food supply that would be essential for any war once the reserves were called to duty.

Bythe regular army wasstrong and the reserves 3.

Reasons why germany started ww1

The Germans, of course, were not completely hostile to the new military technologies. The U. Entry into World War I Author. During the years between the two world wars the various armies of the world adopted modern technologies at varying rates. As part of the wider bid to alter the international balance of power decisively in Germany's favour, Tirpitz called for a Risikoflotte Risk Fleet , so called because, although still smaller than the British fleet, it would be too large for Britain to risk taking it on. For the Germans, this deepened the worry often expressed by the Kaiser that Germany was being surrounded by enemies who were growing in strength. The result was trench warfare. The winter of was known as the "turnip winter," because that hardly-edible vegetable, usually fed to livestock, was used by people as a substitute for potatoes and meat, which were increasingly scarce.

Those of World War II were essentially the same as those of - and those of remain quite similar. On the following day, were operational, and fifty of those were knocked out that day. It also reduced most of the reaction times necessary for artillery support, and gave fire direction officers the ability to mass fire from many widely spread batteries onto a single target, with devastating effect.

What did germany do in ww1

The system worked something like zeroing a rifle. In , the Germans introduced the Junkers J-1, armed with three machine guns and a bomb load. Tudor The nation was surrounded by enemies who were getting stronger; the bid to rival British naval supremacy had failed. Even the army had to cut the rations for soldiers. Instead, there are multiple causes any one or two of which could have launched the war. During the war from August to mid, the excess deaths over peacetime caused by malnutrition and high rates of exhaustion and disease and despair came to about , civilians. The resulting naval race heightened tensions between the two nations. The Russian government promised Germany that its general mobilization did not mean preparation for war with Germany but was a reaction to the events between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. In response, Wilson signed the National Defense Act in June of that year, expanding the Army and the National Guard, and in August, the president signed legislation designed to significantly strengthen the Navy. It also reduced most of the reaction times necessary for artillery support, and gave fire direction officers the ability to mass fire from many widely spread batteries onto a single target, with devastating effect. Prisoners of war were sent to work on farms, and many women and elderly men took on work roles.

Fuller argued that the Germans would have won the war in early if they had concentrated all their manufacturing resources on field guns and tanks. Messengers, both foot and mounted, had the highest casualty rates of any job in the war. The notions of the operational art and the operational level of war are of far more recent origin.

The Allies generally tried to centralize both planning and execution at the highest levels, which in the end robbed subordinate commanders of all initiative and made it almost impossible to exploit rapidly tactical opportunities as they arose.

Early research efforts into sonar which the British called ASDIC did not result in a deployable system bybut it did shortly thereafter. Morse code and telephone voice communications by wire were fairly well developed, but radio was in its infancy.

The introduction of gunpowder about the 15th century was the cause of one such paradigm shift that completely altered the way wars were fought. World War I ended in exhaustion before the new concepts could be developed fully, but the firm foundations were there for the mobile tactics and operations of World War II, and ever since.

Transport aircraft also made airborne, or parachute troops possible.

germany ww1 map

Thus, it has become accepted wisdom that World War I has nothing to teach the student of modern warespecially in comparison to World War II, with its fast-moving armored and airborne divisions that are the basic models of military forces today.

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Outbreak of World War I