How to write a review of literature in research articles

literature review introduction

These are mostly qualitative in nature similar to the review sections of larger articles. Dissertation literature review If you are writing the literature review as part of your dissertation or thesis, reiterate your central problem or research question and give a brief summary of the scholarly context.

A methodological scope will influence either the types of documents in the review or the way in which these documents are discussed.

how do you write a literature review for a research paper

Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review. It is important to keep track of your sources with citations to avoid plagiarism. While the study focuses on one topic, harpoon technology, it will still be organized chronologically.

Literature review template

In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the trees you found in the literature you read. Theoretical Review The purpose of this form is to examine the corpus of theory that has accumulated in regard to an issue, concept, theory, phenomena. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information. Thinking About Your Literature Review The structure of a literature review should include the following: An overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review, Division of works under review into themes or categories [e. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration free 30 trial download , a data base program e. Take notes: Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. A literature review in this sense is just like any other academic research paper. Redefine your topic if needed: as you search you will quickly find out if the topic that you are reviewing is too broad. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Ways to Organize Your Literature Review Chronology of Events If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials according to when they were published. A methodological scope will influence either the types of documents in the review or the way in which these documents are discussed. Important: If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references. Components of the literature review The literature review should include the following: Objective of the literature review Overview of the subject under consideration. Next, you will provide your research questions or hypothesis.

Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what an author stated cannot be easily paraphrased. The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan Consider your purpose and voice before beginning to write.

Literature review sample in research proposal

In other words, briefly describe the purpose and general outlines of the study, including the study design i. Fourth edition. Use quotes sparingly Falk and Mills do not use any direct quotes. You can also use this method to explore what is considered by scholars to be a "hot topic" and what is not. What are some of the ways of organizing the sources when writing a literature review for a research paper? What you include in each depends on the objective of your literature review. The type of information you choose to mention should relate directly to the research problem, whether it is thematic, methodological, or chronological. The Writing Center. Summarize and Synthesize Remember to summarize and synthesize your sources within each thematic paragraph as well as throughout the review. If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made.
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How to Write a Literature Review