North korean authoritative government

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Labor Rights North Korea is one of the few nations in the world that has not joined the International Labour Organization. In reality, the government curtails all basic human rights, including freedom of expression, assembly, and association, and freedom to practice religion.

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Economic development is fashioned as the vehicle for this modernization. At the same time, the regime gave the appearance of a diumvirate, father and son ruling together.

In recent years, there are anecdotal accounts from journalists, researchers, and visitors of the construction or opening of ski resorts, theme parks, and a new airport—signs of an economic uptick and interest in infrastructure for potential tourism.

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Japan continues to demand the return of 12 Japanese citizens whom North Korea abducted in the s and s. Several theories of authoritarian control help to explain how Kim Jong-il and his family have remained in power and how this might change over time. According to Cheong Seong-chang of Sejong Institute , speaking on 25 June , there is some possibility that the new leader Kim Jong-un , who has greater visible interest in the welfare of his people and engages in greater interaction with them than his father did, will consider economic reforms and normalization of international relations. Army photo by Staff Sgt. Also unlike East Germany, North Korea is not propped up by a Soviet Union that can withdraw its forces and pull the plug on the system, as Gorbachev did to the German Democratic Republic. The North Korean cell phone system may not reach the outside world, but by replacing a North Korean SIM card with one smuggled in from China, North Koreans are able to communicate with relatives across the Chinese border and those in South Korea as well. These days, however, terror, indoctrination and nationalism are not the whole story. At the same time, the regime gave the appearance of a diumvirate, father and son ruling together. Former security officials who left North Korea told Human Rights Watch that North Koreans handed back by China face interrogation, torture, sexual abuse, and forced labor.

Several theories of authoritarian control help to explain how Kim Jong-il and his family have remained in power and how this might change over time. State authorities are sometimes perpetrators of abuses against women, and fail to offer protection or justice to women and girls facing gender-based or sexual abuse.

Do you have thoughts about the Kim family and the North Korean regime?

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The treatment of North Korean workers overseas falls short of international labor standards, with no right to freedom of association or expression, control by minders who limit freedom of movement and access to information from the outside world, long working hours and no right to refuse overtime. Individual North Koreans may try to defect to the South, despite the enormous risks to themselves and their families of getting caught attempting to flee the country, but there is little sign that many North Koreans have even imagined, much less tried to organize, opposition to the regime. In the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early s and the loss of Soviet aid, North Korea faced a long period of economic crisis, including severe agricultural and industrial shortages. Bryanna Poulin. But it is clear in retrospect that the regime was committed to carrying on hereditary succession to the next generation of Kims. Experts say North Korea is entering a critical period of change under a regime that has by and large resisted rapid change and outside influence. Army photo by Staff Sgt. For example, agricultural collectives are allowed to privately sell their surplus crops. Hereditary succession was a choice made by Kim Il Sung and the top leadership in the s, institutionalized in the s and continued to the present day. A United Nations Commission of Inquiry COI report on human rights in North Korea stated that systematic, widespread, and gross human rights violations committed by the government included murder, enslavement, torture, imprisonment, rape, forced abortion, and other sexual violence, and constituted crimes against humanity.

Hereditary succession was a choice made by Kim Il Sung and the top leadership in the s, institutionalized in the s and continued to the present day. Unauthorized access to non-state radio, newspapers, or TV broadcasts is severely punished.

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For example, agricultural collectives are allowed to privately sell their surplus crops. Ordinary North Korean workers, both men and unmarried women, are required to work at government-assigned enterprises. Some tactics included building barbed-wire fences on the northern border; persecuting those caught in North Korea using Chinese cellphones to communicate with people in China or South Korea; and increasing efforts to block Chinese cell phone services near the border. Browse Countries. Beatings are common in these facilities, and dangerous working conditions purportedly result in significant numbers of injuries. The government did acknowledge the possibility that schools or individual teachers may have forced children to work, but offered no further details. The CEDAW committee expressed concerns about a broad range of violations affecting women, including discrimination; stereotyping; non-criminalization of marital rape; sexual harassment and violence, including in the workplace; trafficking; lack of political participation; and lack of an independent human rights institution, civil society organizations, or other means to enable independent monitoring and promotion of the rights of women. It is of course possible that North Korea will collapse in the near future, and stakeholder countries should certainly be prepared for a range of contingencies.

North Koreans fleeing into China should be considered refugees sur place regardless of their reason for flight because of the certainty of punishment on return.

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World Report North Korea