It represents Ra-Harakhte, the sun god, as he rises in the east at dawn but the face of the Sphinx is a portrait of Khafre himself, and is contemporary with his pyramid. These workers either volunteered their efforts to pay off a debt, for community service, or were compensated for their time.
The southernmost and last pyramid to be built was that of Menkaure Greek: Mykerinusthe fifth king of the 4th dynasty; each side measures Its estimated 2. Excavations of the shaft and the chambers have recovered artifacts dating from the Old Kingdom through the Third Intermediate Period but no tunnels branching out beneath the plateau.
The overly aggressive camel touts who hang out on the roadside just before the main entrance ticket office are best avoided. Timing Your Visit: To escape the crowds and the worst of the desert heat, the earlier you can get here, the better. Thus, the grave goods originally deposited in the burial chambers are missing, and the pyramids no longer reach their original heights because they have been almost entirely stripped of their outer casings of smooth white limestone; the Great Pyramid, for example, is now only