Writing literature reviews
What types of sources should I review books, journal articles, websites; scholarly versus popular sources?
What types of publications am I using e. Step 2: Decide on a topic It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M.
Literature review outline
For example, weave references to other sources into what you are writing but maintain your own voice by starting and ending the paragraph with your own ideas and wording. Methodological If you draw your sources from different disciplines or fields that use a variety of research methods , you might want to compare the results and conclusions that emerge from different approaches. Some short quotes here and there are okay, though, if you want to emphasize a point, or if what the author said just cannot be rewritten in your own words. It might give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations. Take notes: Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts. Why do we write literature reviews? Present terminology and viewpoints on the topic in an unbiased and comprehensive manner. Anson, Chris M. But these articles refer to some British biological studies performed on whales in the early 18th century. Tip: as you skim the articles, you may want to record the notes that you take on each directly into RefWorks in the box for User 1.
But more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. Use an overall introduction and conclusion to state the scope of your coverage and to formulate the question, problem, or concept your chosen material illuminates.
Usually you will have the option of grouping items into sections—this helps you indicate comparisons and relationships. Themes: what questions or concepts recur across the literature?
Components of literature review pdf
Identify relationships among studies: note relationships among studies, such as which studies were landmark ones that led to subsequent studies in the same area. The US National Park system became the dominant paradigm for analyzing relations between conservation, nationhood and nationalism. The focus of a literature review, however, is to summarize and synthesize the arguments and ideas of others without adding new contributions. Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings. Step 5: Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review. Locate your own research within the context of existing literature [very important]. Rosen, Leonard J. Introduction OK. Hart, Chris. This is called citation tracking and there are a number of sources that can help you identify who has cited whom, particularly scholars from outside of your discipline. If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones.
What other sections you include in the body is up to you. Who writes these things, anyway?
Literature review template
Usually you will have the option of grouping items into sections—this helps you indicate comparisons and relationships. History: the chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology. Try sorting through some other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects. Put in only what is necessary. A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. When you begin to write your literature review section, you'll be glad you dug deeper into how the research was designed and constructed because it establishes a means for developing more substantial analysis and interpretation of the research problem. Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings. Spending a lot of time revising is a wise idea, because your main objective is to present the material, not the argument.
Upper Saddle River, N. Pivotal publications: are there any influential theories or studies that changed the direction of the field? History: The chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology.
Types of Literature Reviews It is important to think of knowledge in a given field as consisting of three layers.
How to write literature review for thesis
This helps you remember what you read and saves time later in the process. It might give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations. Has it been narrow enough to exclude irrelevant material? Types of Literature Reviews It is important to think of knowledge in a given field as consisting of three layers. Identify relationships among studies: note relationships among studies, such as which studies were landmark ones that led to subsequent studies in the same area. Recapitulate important features of a research study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study's significance and relating it to your own work. So you check those out. Upper Saddle River, N. Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field. When you write your review, you should address these relationships and different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework. What are the key theories, models and methods? Import your references into your RefWorks account see: Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases. Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind. Locate your own research within the context of existing literature [very important]. Could the problem have been approached more effectively from another perspective?
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